Is Your Child Hungry?
Has your child ever been really hungry? The overly hungry state can be called ‘hangry.’ It’s a state of being hungry and angry.
It’s a popular catchphrase used to describe that feeling when you’ve gone too long without eating and you could eat anything and everything RIGHT NOW… mixed with a little bit of added moodiness.
I get hangry. My husband can take a look at me and ask, “When did you eat last?” or say, “Looks like you need to get something to eat.”
One of my kids gets overly hungry, or hangry, too.
She needs to eat frequently throughout the day (always has) or she is just not right.
But what about the child who says he’s hungry… all…the…time?
The child who complains of being hungry, right after they just ate. A reality that can be especially frustrating for parents.
You know the scenario.
You feed your kids a meal, and within the hour, they are complaining that they are hungry, and asking for more food.
What’s going on?
Are You Hungry? A Little Background on Hunger
We are born with a natural sense of hunger, an ability to recognize it, and a desire to quench it pretty effectively.
Think about babies: when they are hungry they cry, letting us know it’s time to eat. Not all cries indicate hunger; babies cry for a variety of reasons, including discomfort, a wet diaper, and more.
Toddlers tell us by whining, or “melting down.”
Children coming home from school may tear into the refrigerator or pantry, “starving” and desperate to eat.
In my experience, children are not inclined to use the delay tactics and strategic distractions common to those used by adults when they are hungry.
For kids, hunger is powerful.
Hunger starts in the blood stream with a dip in blood sugar after a period of time has passed without eating (generally three to four hours for kids; less for toddlers).
This blood sugar dip alerts the brain to tell the stomach to secrete the hunger hormone, ghrelin.
Ghrelin (I think of it as “GRRRR, I’m hungry”) causes feelings of hunger and alerts your child to the obvious fact: I am hungry.
I Am Hungry. How Growth Affects Hunger
The dynamic process of growing triggers hunger and prompts children to eat.
Just think about the teenager: he eats a lot because he is in a growth spurt.
A common “tell” of a parent with a teen is the frequent grocery store shops–like every two days– just to keep the kitchen stocked.
If you don’t have a handle on your hungry child along with a strategy to manage it, your child may become self-sufficient at making choices for themselves, for better or worse.
Why Your Child May Be Overly Hungry
When children go for long stretches without food, obviously that can wrestle up some fierce hunger.
Also, if your meals don’t provide enough calories, or lack nutrients such as protein or fat, children may become hungry because their appetite isn’t satisfied.
In teens, having a dose of protein at breakfast (about 25 to 30 grams) seems to help keep them full for a longer time than a breakfast without protein or low amounts of protein.
When kids aren’t satisfied after meals and snacks, hunger may build up, leading to overeating and/or unhealthy food choices.
How to Deal with a Hungry Child
The best way to deal with a child who is always hungry is to prevent it.
Of course, hunger may still occur at unexpected times, especially if your child is in the midst of a growth spurt.
However, a strategy can help you make sure that panhandling in the kitchen every hour is the exception, not the rule.
Here are four key things to pay attention to:
Plan meals and snacks to occur at about the same time every day.
For toddlers and preschoolers, schedule eating sessions every 2-3 hours. For kids, aim for meals and snacks to happen every 3-4 hours.
And for teens, meals can happen every 3-5 hours. Avoid skipped meals or snacks, as this can lead to overeating later on.
Use filling, nutritious foods at meals and at snacks.
Sensible amounts of low fat dairy products, dairy alternatives that contain 5 grams or more of protein per cup, lean meats, eggs, nuts, and beans are all protein-containing foods, which when eaten, may give kids a sense of fullness.
Fiber is also a food component that keeps you full longer and it can be found in 100% whole grains, fruit, vegetables, beans and more.
Last, adding a healthy fat source to meals, such as avocado, olive oil or foods with inherent fat, like whole milk, can also up the filling factor.
Load up early.
A nutritious breakfast starts the body’s “engine” and sets the pattern for eating at regular intervals throughout the day.
Kids who skip breakfast may find themselves hungrier after school and at dinnertime.
Is your child really hungry?
Ask him. This not only starts the conversation about eating and feeling satisfied, it helps your child start to be more aware of his appetite and what works best to satisfy it.
If he says he really is hungry (and it’s not meal or snack time), then offer some fruit or other healthy food (yogurt, veggies).
Don’t cave into requests for cookies or cheesy crackers.
I’ve had a bit of experience with hungry kids in my own home! Read how I’ve dealt with this reality in the past.
How do you manage your hungry child?
Need a birds-eye view of How to Nourish a Healthy Child? I’ve got it for you here:
Written by: Jill Castle, MS, RDN
Published on: December 10, 2015
Updated on: December 3, 2018