Authoritative Feeding: Feeding Better with Love & Limits

Authoritative Feeding: Feeding Your Child Better with Love and Limits

Authoritative Feeding

You probably already know that your feeding style has a powerful influence over how well your child eats. And, an authoritative feeding style is most effective at promoting self-regulated eating and a positive attitude and relationship with food in your child. So, how can you become more authoritative and less authoritarian, neglectful, or permissive in your feeding approach?

How can you change your feeding style for the better?

You may also wonder, “Can parents even change their feeding style?”  Of course!  You can always teach an old dog new tricks…that’s the beauty of evolution.  And we, as parents, are all a masterpiece in the making…right?!

8 Ways to Change the Dynamic around Food and Feeding 

Use the Division of Responsibility (DOR) when feeding your child.  

Take on the job of deciding what foods you will serve (hopefully a nice balance of wholesome, healthy options!), where you will serve them (kitchen table, preferably), and when you will serve them.  Let your child decide whether he will eat what you’ve provided, and how much he will eat.

Trust Your Child to eat the right amounts.  

Ultimately, you want your child to self-regulate their eating. In other words, to figure out when they are hungry and when they are full. The amounts of food they eat should reflect their appetite. Trust is reciprocal; you want your child to trust food, and you, and therefore you must reciprocate that trust.  It is natural for children to miss the mark on eating: overeating and under-eating is part of figuring out what works for your body. Help your child figure out what works for him in a trusting environment.

Ditch the Plate Method

Instead, opt for family-style meals. Serving meals family-style simply means placing food items on platters or in bowls. Passing food around the table, aka “Walton-style” allows your child to refuse food or take an amount that is right for him.  Plating foods for your child takes control away from him, and makes you the regulator of what and how much is eaten.  This may sabotage your child’s ability to learn self-regulation, a necessary tool for achieving and maintaining a healthy weight.

 


 

Provide Don’t Deprive

Parents who take on a provider mentality take the job of feeding seriously. Just like the bread winner, the parent feeder is the bread “giver.” A serious provider will have well-planned meals, a kitchen that is adequately stocked with “growing foods” (foods that support healthy growth in your child), and will prioritize family mealtime. When you are timely with meals and snacks, your child will likely have a predictable hunger pattern. When you stock the kitchen with foods that contribute nutrition to your child’s diet, it’s easy to say “yes” when he is hungry and asks for food.  Don’t make the mistake of being a “depriver;” research shows that restricting or controlling food intake is associated with overeating and weight gain in children. Confusing? Remember the adage, “you want what you cannot have”– the same holds true with children and food.

Preparation x 3

The key to success is preparation, preparation, preparation. Plan the menu, gather the food, and make it! But, don’t fall prey to being a short-order cook; set the menu and stick to it.

Quiet the Comments about Food and Eating Performance  

Children don’t need to be pressured about eating or not eating…and the more you lay it on, the more self-conscious and bad your child feels, which may trigger overeating or not eating at all.

Choice, not Ultimatums

Remember the guideline for toddlers? Give 2 choices. Funny thing, it works for older kids too. “Would you like an apple with peanut butter, or crackers with peanut butter for your after-school snack?” Giving choices, but not too many, allows your child to make good decisions about food and feel in control of their body and their eating.

Keep the Pleasantries  

What are meal times like in your home? Do your children argue, insult and put one another down, or throw temper tantrums at the meal table? Do you get frustrated, shout, punish, or give the silent treatment? Meal times should be pleasant, supportive, and engaging. Manners should be taught and used. Keeping a positive attitude and reasonable expectations around mealtime manners, conversation, and interactions among family members will go a long way toward creating a mealtime environment in which your child wants to be a part.

Just a little movement toward authoritative feeding can make a big difference in your child’s attitudes and actions about food and eating. Try one “trick” and let me know how it goes!

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  1. Thank you. If habitual eating, or testing limits is suspected do you have any suggestions on how to make food less of an issue? Would offering open access to fruits and vegetables help in this case or be a detriment?

    1. Maintaining a structure to feeding with timely meals and snacks and making sure you offer most of the food groups at meals will help toward satisfaction after meals. Beyond that, children should be fed when they are hungry. You may want to talk with your child about hunger and recognizing the signs/symptoms; open access to fruits and vegetables won’t necessarily harm your child, especially if simultaneously you are working towards more structure to mealtimes (see The Kitchen is Closed blog post), recognition of hunger/fullness, and meals that are satisfying to your child.

  2. This is really helpful, thank you. My son is 16 months old, and he is a very picky eater. I’ve tried the DOR “trick”, as well as cutting down on the verbal expressions.
    Dr. Sears suggested a tray to be put out for toddlers, since it is hard to sit in a high chair for a squirmy toddler, but that only works when he is at his aunts house, who watches him during the mornings most days. When he is here, he doesn’t go near the food I leave out for him. He only eats when we put him in his booster seat.
    The other tricks I think I do pretty well, but it is still very hard getting him to eat, but like you said, I think I have to trust him that he is eating as much as he needs, that it is just his nature not to be a big eater.

    1. Have you tried pulling your child up to the table to eat with you and your husband? Picky-ness is normal and to be expected during the toddler years–I find that it is LESS about the child’s picky eating and MORE about the parental response. Don’t sweat it if your child refuses what you offer him, just keep offering variety and tasty foods with a neutral, seemingly uninvested attitude toward whether your child eats or not. He’ll eat when he’s hungry and stop when he’s full, just be sure to tune into his cues, and not stop him too early or force him to eat more. And, if you are on time with feeding (3 meals/3 snacks), he’ll have ample opportunity to make up calories if he shorted himself earlier.

  3. Hello,
    Thank you for great posts. Within the division of responsibility around food and feeding what are your thoughts on the timing of snacks – E. Satter is pretty strict in terms of a snack between each meal but how to respond if your child is hungry and asks for food outside of the timing of a snack, even if it is a healthy request like an apple? Do you have any thoughts on kids who might ask for large quantitities of healthy foods – what is an appropriate response to avoid making the child feel limited while instilling appropriate portions? If a child wants three apples in one sitting is it appropriate to comment on the amount or say nothing?
    Thank you.

    1. There are a couple of things to think about here. In my home, fruits and veggies are always a “yes”, particularly if there is real hunger happening. The problem is that sometimes requesting food is habitual and not coming from hunger. This is something you will need to figure out. If there is real hunger, why is it happening so frequently? Look back to prior meals, and make sure they are adequate and composed of quality protein and whole grains. Often, kids don’t eat enough at meals to keep them satisfied, or they may be skipping meals, which will cause hunger later in the day, or perhaps there is a lot of energy burning activity happening. If meals seem adequate, then I would investigate other reasons, such as habitual concern with food, a need for attention (and asking for food has been an effective method in the past), and/or just being “out of touch” with hunger/fullness–you can help your child work on all of these through conversation and helping your child understand the signs of hunger and fullness.